Tell us what you didn't like in the comments. Ancient evidence suggests that Kolkata was an established trading hub much before the arrival of the Delhi Sultanate, the Mughals, the Portuguese, the French or the British. West Bengal football team. It should be noted here that it is also just as often as not referred to as a War of Independence, and as one historian put it, "The so called First National War of Independence was neither First, nor National, nor a War of Independence". Exactly a hundred years after the fall of Bengal in the Battle of PlasseyCalcutta saw the beginning of what is often called the First Independence Movement of India. Citing non-existent reasons, he attacked Murshidabadhaving previously reached an agreement with Mir Jafar to install him on the musnud of Bengal. Many distinguished scholars, English and Bengali, such as Henry Thomas ColebrookeJames Prinsep and Pandit Radhakanta Sarman would grace the society's meetings and publications over the following century, vastly enriching knowledge of India's culture and past. The city has also been mentioned in the ancient epic Mahabharata.
Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly. The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. DuringShah Jahan appointed his son Shah Shuja as the Subahdar of.
History of Kolkata Evolution of the City Holidify
Calcutta city officially changed its name to Kolkata in the year the city of Calcutta was the capital of India during the British Rule in the. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the social problems also became more insistent, as did demands for home rule for India.
By Tom Wright Tom Wright. In the suburbs of Calcutta, at the Barrackpore military barracks, sepoy Mangal Pandey sparked off a huge revolt that shook the foundations of the British Empire.
One of the most notorious incidents of the latter part of the century was the trial and execution of Nanda Kumarwho had been the governor of Hugging in However, the Firman was vague in many aspects and soon disputes started to grow between the English and the governor.
Colonial echoes in old Calcutta The Independent
There were few good roads. West Bengal football team.
Kolkata during british rule
|This was accompanied by the development of a culture that fused European philosophies with Indian tradition.
It was assumed that the governor would abandon the city and then a peace treaty would be offered which would guarantee free trade and other economic benefits for the Company and he would give up the territory of Dhaka and Chittagong. Source Architecture and Structure Kolkata is home to many historic buildings and structures that have been declared as "heritage structures". It should be noted here that it is also just as often as not referred to as a War of Independence, and as one historian put it, "The so called First National War of Independence was neither First, nor National, nor a War of Independence".
Calcutta became the intellectual centre of the subcontinent. Trade Deal.
It is interesting to note that earlier, the city of Calcutta was the capital of India during the British Rule in the year
Before the British came Calcutta was just a village, the capital city of Bengal was . The freedom fighters during the British rule have drawn inspiration from.
A History of Bengal Ed.
Having installed Manikchand as the ruler of Alinagar, Siraj returned to Murshidabad.
Kolkata Capital of British India Britannica
As Dr. Renamed Netaji by poet laureate Rabindranath Tagorehe is regarded by many as perhaps the most prominent and influential freedom fighter in Indian history and is venerated in many Bengali households even today. By successive stages, as British power extended over the subcontinent, the whole of northern India became a hinterland for the port of Calcutta.
There were three large villages along the east bank of the river Ganges, named, Sutanuti, Gobindapur and Kalikata. The nawab was defeated shortly afterward at Plassey Juneafter which British rule in Bengal was assured.
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|It was acclaimed by those in Delhi but met with hostility from many other quarters, especially in Calcutta.
Archived from the original on 19 July You can follow Mr.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. By Tom Wright Tom Wright. Close Why Delhi?
Walking through Kolkata with its dust-filled air, open sewers and still the "second city" of the British Empire and the capital of India until Thus, the first Capital of British India was born.
and the role of studies in archaeology and anthropology in the city during these two centuries.
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A History of Bengal Ed. As a result, a peace treaty was signed between Shaista Khan and Charnock on 16 August However, in the absence of specific orders the permission to defend their property was taken as a permit to build fortress and construction began immediately overnight with all available manpower. II pp Vol. While not in a position to fight against the Governor's troops, two Company agents were sent to Dhaka to plead to the governor to allow them to return to Sutanuti and build a fort there.
Sightseeing Gardens in Kolkata.
Kolkata History Britannica
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|School St. The British gave the city, the name Calcutta, which is an anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata.
The period between and saw the growing of the seeds of nationalism when Lord Curzon carried out Partition of Bengal indespite strong Indian nationalist opposition.
The city is housed on the east bank of the Hugli Hooghly River, which was once the main channel of the Ganges Ganga River, about 96 miles km upstream from the head of the Bay of Bengal. This is the first time English soldiers came on the soil of Bengal.
Video: Kolkata during british rule Arrival of the Earl of Lytton at Calcutta (1922)